Since 2014, the Commission has taken a number of steps to facilitate the development of a data-agile economy, such as
- the Regulation on the free flow of non-personal data
- the Cybersecurity Act
- the Open Data Directive
- the General Data Protection Regulation
In 2018, the Commission presented an AI strategy for the first time, and agreed a coordinated plan with Member States. The High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence presented their Ethics Guidelines on trustworthy AI in April 2019. This was built upon the framework for AI presented on 19 February 2020.
In her Political Guidelines, Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stressed the need to lead the transition to a healthy planet and a new digital world. In that context, she kick-started the debate on ethical Artificial Intelligence and the use of big data to create wealth for societies and businesses during her first 100 days in office.