This article analyses the ways Dutch municipalities have developed practices to cushion and counteract aspects of such exclusionary national asylum policies, how these municipal actors justify these actions and how they thereby question the legitimacy of national policies and their execution. The analysis reveals the tensions that exist in the governance of migration through national policies and local practices. While not discounting the possibility that these actions and argumentations provide fuel to national political sentiments favouring the further exclusion of‘irregular’ migrants, in this study we argue that at times they may also strengthen democratic policy-making and drive policy change.
Kos, S., Maussen, M., & Doomernik, J. (2016). Policies of exclusion and practices of inclusion: how municipal governments negotiate asylum policies in the Netherlands. Territory, Politics, Governance, 4(3), 354-374. https://doi.org/10.1080/21622671.2015.1024719